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Command-line flags
""""""""""""""""""

    Most Mercurial commands accept various flags.
    
    Flag names
    ==========
    
    Flags for each command are listed in :hg:`help` for that command.
    Additionally, some flags, such as --repository, are global and can be used with
    any command - those are seen in :hg:`help -v`, and can be specified before or
    after the command.
    
    Every flag has at least a long name, such as --repository. Some flags may also
    have a short one-letter name, such as the equivalent -R. Using the short or long
    name is equivalent and has the same effect. The long name may be abbreviated to
    any unambiguous prefix. For example, :hg:`commit --amend` can be abbreviated
    to :hg:`commit --am`.
    
    Flags that have a short name can also be bundled together - for instance, to
    specify both --edit (short -e) and --interactive (short -i), one could use::
    
        hg commit -ei
    
    If any of the bundled flags takes a value (i.e. is not a boolean), it must be
    last, followed by the value::
    
        hg commit -im 'Message'
    
    Flag types
    ==========
    
    Mercurial command-line flags can be strings, numbers, booleans, or lists of
    strings.
    
    Specifying flag values
    ======================
    
    The following syntaxes are allowed, assuming a flag 'flagname' with short name
    'f'::
    
        --flagname=foo
        --flagname foo
        -f foo
        -ffoo
    
    This syntax applies to all non-boolean flags (strings, numbers or lists).
    
    Specifying boolean flags
    ========================
    
    Boolean flags do not take a value parameter. To specify a boolean, use the flag
    name to set it to true, or the same name prefixed with 'no-' to set it to
    false::
    
        hg commit --interactive
        hg commit --no-interactive
    
    Specifying list flags
    =====================
    
    List flags take multiple values. To specify them, pass the flag multiple times::
    
        hg files --include mercurial --include tests
    
    Setting flag defaults
    =====================
    
    In order to set a default value for a flag in an hgrc file, it is recommended to
    use aliases::
    
        [alias]
        commit = commit --interactive
    
    For more information on hgrc files, see :hg:`help config`.
    
    Overriding flags on the command line
    ====================================
    
    If the same non-list flag is specified multiple times on the command line, the
    latest specification is used::
    
        hg commit -m "Ignored value" -m "Used value"
    
    This includes the use of aliases - e.g., if one has::
    
        [alias]
        committemp = commit -m "Ignored value"
    
    then the following command will override that -m::
    
        hg committemp -m "Used value"
    
    Overriding flag defaults
    ========================
    
    Every flag has a default value, and you may also set your own defaults in hgrc
    as described above.
    Except for list flags, defaults can be overridden on the command line simply by
    specifying the flag in that location.
    
    Hidden flags
    ============
    
    Some flags are not shown in a command's help by default - specifically, those
    that are deemed to be experimental, deprecated or advanced. To show all flags,
    add the --verbose flag for the help command::
    
        hg help --verbose commit